The Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) is a system where pilots and other aviation personnel voluntarily report a situation in which aviation safety may have been compromised.
The ASRS system is operated by NASA, but used by the FAA to promote safety in aviation. To encourage reporting, information is held in strict confidence. Part 91.25 prohibits the use of any reports submitted to NASA under the ASRS in any disciplinary action except information concerning criminal offenses or accidents. When a violation of the 14 CFR comes to the attention of the FAA from a source other than a report filed with NASA under the ASRS, the FAA will take appropriate action. In order to minimize the likelihood of enforcement action, a person should report to NASA any violation within 10 days after the violation or date when the person became aware or should have been aware of the violation. Although a finding of violation may be made, neither a civil penalty nor certificate suspension will be imposed if:
• The violation was inadvertent and not deliberate;
• The violation did not involve a criminal offense, accident, or action under 49 U.S.C. § 44709, which discloses a lack of qualification or competency, which is wholly excluded from this policy;
• The person has not been found in any prior FAA enforcement action to have committed a violation of 49 U.S.C. subtitle VII, or any regulation promulgated there for a period of 5 years prior to the date of occurrence; and
• The person proves that within 10 days after the violation or date when the person became aware or should have been aware of the violation, he or she completed and delivered or mailed a written report of the incident or occurrence to NASA.
AC 00-46E Aviation Safety Reporting Program