The three stages of a thunderstorm are cumulus, mature, and dissipating.
The three primary forces that affect wind are pressure gradient force, Coriolis force, and friction.
Wind shear is when there is a sudden change in wind direction and/or speed.
A microburst is an intense, but short-lived, downdraft.
The primary types of fog are radiation fog, advection fog, upslope fog, frontal fog, and steam fog.
The primary causes of turbulence are convective currents, wind flow obstructions, and wind shear.
The types of ice that form on aircraft structure are rime ice, clear ice, and mixed ice.
The primary hazard with ice is degraded aircraft performance.
An AIRMET is an advisory that includes hazardous weather phenomena for light aircraft.
SIGMETs are inflight advisories concerning nonconvective weather that is potentially hazardous to all aircraft.