The uneven heating of the earth’s surface from the sun is a primary factor in atmospheric circulation.
Altitude is the height from a given reference point or data plane.
The lapse rate is the change in temperature as height increases.
A temperature inversion is where the temperature raises with an increase in altitude.
A standard atmosphere is when the temperature is 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit) and barometric pressure is 29.92 Hg.
Air pressure decreases with an increase in altitude.
Air pressure decreases with an increase in temperature.
A decrease in barometric pressure will cause the altimeter to indicate a higher altitude.
The primary types of clouds are Cirriform, Nimbus, Cumuliform, and Stratiform.
The three stages of a thunderstorm are cumulus, mature, and dissipating.